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Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa

Working along the agricultural supply chain to catalyze a uniquely African green revolution


Food security is critical for both human welfare and economic growth in Africa. About 70 percent of sub-Saharan Africans depend on agriculture for their livelihoods—and smallholder farmers account for 90 percent of food production in sub-Saharan Africa. Yet, many farmers barely produce enough food to feed their families, leaving no money for investing in tools and technologies that could increase yields. As a result, increases in staple crop production and wide scale marketing of surpluses have not been sustained in Africa as in many other regions of the world.

Our Strategy

In 2006, The Rockefeller Foundation and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation partnered to launch the Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa (AGRA), based on a shared vision that Africa has the ability to feed itself and benefit from a “green revolution” that has increased crop production and led to surpluses in Latin America and Asia. Indeed, using basic technologies and better storage practices, many farmers have the potential to produce 3-4 times as much as they currently produce.


Using lessons from The Rockefeller Foundation’s success in helping to spark the Green Revolution in Latin America and Asia, AGRA works to strengthen all components of the agricultural value chain—from farmers’ fields to agricultural research organizations, and from Africa’s new seed companies and food processors to regional markets.

To do this, AGRA focuses on building partnerships, fostering access to markets and finance, and developing and disseminating innovations to significantly boost farm productivity and incomes for the poor while safeguarding the environment.

Ultimately, AGRA works to achieve three goals:

  • Reduce food insecurity by 50 percent in at least 20 countries by 2020
  • Double incomes of 20 million smallholder families by 2020
  • Put at least 15 countries on pathway for attaining and sustaining a green revolution

In the past decade, AGRA has drawn on an ecosystem of partnerships and leveraged its expertise to empower more than 15 million smallholders in 17 countries to improve their agricultural productivity. Some of AGRA’s key accomplishments include:

  • 3 million farmers are benefitting from improved seeds;
  • Supported smallholder farmers have, on average, more than double their yields;
  • Household consumption increased by 12.6 million tons ($3.4 billion), and marketable surplus increased by 9.7 million tons ($2 billion);
  • 3 million hectares of depleted land has been restored for agricultural production; and
  • 9,906 farmer-based groups have been trained to become productive SME

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