World Bank: On Norms and Agency, Conversations about Gender Equality with Women and Men in 20 Countries
With the support of the Rockefeller Foundation, The World Bank interviewed 4,000 women, men, boys and girls in more than 500 focus groups in 93 communities from 20 countries in all world regions to discuss the effects of gender differences and inequalities on their lives. The Rockefeller Foundation salutes the research team for compiling the largest data set ever collected on gender and development and provides an unprecedented opportunity to analyze patterns across communities on social norms, gender roles, pathways of empowerment, and factors underlying acute inequalities.
On Norms and Agency provides a comprehensive look at these factors and trends. Among the findings presented, the research shows that social norms on gender and gender roles are strikingly similar across communities, urban and rural; women’s traditional roles are typically formed around household and child care activities. However, the research finds reason to celebrate. In most contexts globally, women are gaining increased control over economic decision. In particular, education, employment, and family formation are the primary areas where women see their agency and decision-making control expanding.